Automation replaces human activity with processes performed by machines, apparatus or electronics. In terms of cost accounting this substitutes capital costs for labor costs. Automation is therefore worthwhile wherever
- lots of manual work has to be done,
- manual work is monotonous or ergonomically unsuitable,
- personnel are scarce,
- the human error factor has to be eliminated.
Since ring spinning accounts for some 50% of labor costs in a spinning mill, this department is an obvious candidate for automation. However, if we look at the machine itself, it soon becomes obvious that automation is not easy to achieve, since it involves a huge number of tiny production components in a small space with poor accessibility. Even if one or other of these could be automated, it is often uneconomical. Certain operations will therefore have to continue to be performed manually in future.