Summary of most important fibre properties


As mentioned at the beginning of this chapter the major advantages of man-made fibres are the wide-ranging possibilities of influencing the fibre properties by choosing the right polymer together with the right additives and subsequent treatments. On the other hand, it is difficult to present a comprehensive and meaningful summary of the properties of man-made fibres in the framework of a condensed work of this kind. In relation to many properties, the range of possibilities is simply too wide to permit a rational short presentation. Accordingly, we are forced to compromise and give only figures for typical basic properties and guidelines for stress-strain and shrinkage behavior of those man-made fibres most important for the short-staple spinning mill, namely, polyester (PES), viscose (CV), and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) (Table 5).

Table 5 – Typical basic fibre properties